East African Highland bananas are one of the most important staple food crops in the African Great Lakes region, particularly for Uganda. Per capita annual consumption of bananas in Uganda is the highest in the world at 0.70 kg (1.5 lb) daily per person. Uganda itself is the second-largest producer of bananas in the world. It is, however, the crops being used mostly for domestic consumption. East African Highland bananas are so important as food crops, the local name matoke (or more commonly matooke) is synonymous for the word "food" in Uganda.

Bananas are among the most popular fruits on earth. There are many types of bananas available, which vary in color, size and shape. Bananas contain a fair amount of fiber, as well as several antioxidants. Bananas are rich in fiber, antioxidants and several nutrients. A medium-sized banana contains about 105 calories. Bananas contain nutrients that can help moderate blood sugar levels after meals. They may also reduce appetite by slowing stomach emptying. Bananas are fairly rich in fiber and resistant starch, which may feed the friendly gut bacteria and help protect against colon cancer.

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